Heroin Vs. Meth: Similarities, Differences & Dangers
Heroin and meth are illicit drugs that produce powerful and dangerous short-term effects. Even though heroin is an opioid and meth is a stimulant drug that works differently on the body and brain, they share similarities, such as possessing high risks of substance abuse and causing uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms.
Meth abuse and heroin abuse are both forms of drug use that can lead to the development of a substance use disorder (SUD).
Methamphetamine, better known as crystal meth, is a stimulant drug that causes high alertness. Heroin is an opioid that slows the body’s central nervous system down.
Though the effects of meth differ from the effects of heroin, both of their side effects can cause dangerous physical and mental health damage.
Heroin and meth are popular substances for drug abuse that quickly create addiction. Addiction treatment options such as inpatient programs are usually required for recovery.
Below we’ll explore the similarities, differences, and dangers of heroin and meth.
Differences Between Methamphetamines And Heroin
The primary differences between meth and heroin are their effects, how they look, and their drug classification.
Meth and heroin work differently in your brain and your body. As an opiate, heroin use feels like a rush of relaxation and euphoria.
Other short-term effects of heroin are:
- dryness of the mouth
- a slowing down of bodily functions
Heroin binds itself to natural opioid receptors in the brain and causes numbness throughout the body. Those under the influence of heroin nod in and out of consciousness for hours.
Contrarily, methamphetamine is a substance that increases heart rate and raises blood pressure. The quick burst of energy from methamphetamine use wears off quickly.
People tend to go on binges when using meth. In higher doses, it can cause psychosis, heart attacks, or weeks of wakefulness. It does this by releasing high levels of dopamine in the brain.
Pure heroin looks like a white powder, but other types of heroin resemble black tar and brown powder.
Meth looks like a crystal powder that is sometimes translucent. It can also come in other colors, such as blue or pink.
Heroin is a Schedule I substance, meaning it’s illegal at the state and federal levels and has a high dependency risk. There are no medical uses of heroin.
Meth is classified as a Schedule II substance meaning it has a high risk of substance abuse but can be used for some medical reasons, such as treating hyperactivity disorders.
Similarities Between Methamphetamine And Heroin
Meth and cocaine induce different highs, but as commonly used drugs, they have similarities. These include how they can be abused, and their risk of addiction.
Methods Of Abuse
Both substances can be smoked, snorted, or injected. They’re relatively cheap drugs and involve a difficult manufacturing process.
Risks Of Dependence
The biggest similarity is that they’re powerful substances that carry a high risk of addiction.
People who abuse these substances build tolerance and experience withdrawal symptoms. To remedy cravings, people may seek out more meth or heroin, which leads to dependence.
Drug abuse and addiction carry many damaging physical, mental, and public health effects. Substance abuse treatment is usually needed for recovery from both substances.
Regardless of whether a person is abusing meth or heroin, the signs and symptoms of addiction will typically look similar.
Some signs of drug addiction are:
- needing more of the drug to achieve desired effects
- wanting or needing to use daily
- drug cravings
- an inability to control how much you use
- trouble maintaining relationships, work responsibilities, and personal hygiene
- breaking the law to use
- spending vast amounts of time and money searching, using, and recovering from use
- breaking declarations of sobriety
- lying about use
- weight changes
- erratic behavior
Both the abuse of heroin and meth can produce withdrawal symptoms once use ceases. This occurs when the body is ridding itself of the toxins from the drugs.
Heroin withdrawal symptoms are:
- muscle and bone pain
- cold flashes
- leg movements
- weight gain
- suicidal thoughts
- inability to feel pleasure
The safest way to recover from withdrawal symptoms is under supervision from health care providers.
Treatment centers can administer methadone for heroin withdrawal, along with nutrients.
Dangers Of Methamphetamine And Heroin
Though they work on the brain and body differently, meth and heroin have dangerous effects.
Even if taken in small amounts, they can cause serious harm. Their routes of administration also carry dangers as well.
Dangers Of Methamphetamine
Because methamphetamine produces such powerful effects, its use can cause harm in the short-term and long-term.
The dangers of methamphetamine use are:
- decreased appetite
- irregular heartbeat
- increased blood pressure
- mood swings
- violent behavior
- tooth decay
- repetitive motor activity
- collapsed veins
- skin sores
Long-term abuse of meth can change parts of the brain responsible for motor speed, verbal learning, emotion, and memory.
Even after the abuse has stopped, some people have reported random episodes of meth psychosis.
Dangers Of Heroin
Opioid drugs slow down major bodily functions that can have severe effects and lead to more problems with prolonged use.
The dangers of heroin use are:
- dry mouth
- heavy feeling in the extremities
- severe itching
- extreme drowsiness
- clouded mental state
- slowed heart rate
- labored breathing
- brain damage
- track marks
If abused for long periods, heroin can destroy brain matter and the central nervous system. This can affect decision-making, handling stressful situations, and controlling behavior.
Heroin And Meth Addiction Treatment In Massachusetts
You or a loved one don’t have to face substance abuse alone. Meth and heroin addictions are treatable, and we’re here to help.
At Spring Hill Recovery Center, our treatment approaches can help someone find recovery through partial hospitalization programs, medical detox, and inpatient rehab.
Reach out to a specialist today to learn more about our treatment programs.
Written by Spring Hill Editorial Team
©2023 Spring Hill Recovery Center | All Rights Reserved
This page does not provide medical advice.
- National Institute On Drug Abuse — Commonly Used Drugs https://nida.nih.gov/research-topics/commonly-used-drugs-charts
- Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration — Know The Risks Of Meth https://www.samhsa.gov/meth
- The United States Drug Enforcement Agency — Heroin https://www.dea.gov/factsheets/heroin