Mixing Cocaine And Alcohol: Risks And Effects
Alcohol and cocaine are dangerous enough when abused independently. When abused simultaneously, the risks and consequences are even more damaging and life-threatening.
Mixing cocaine and alcohol is an example of polysubstance use, which is the recreational use or chronic abuse of more than one mind-altering substance at a time.
Polysubstance use can be unintentional or intentional. The combined abuse of cocaine and alcohol is often a deliberate choice and can be a red flag for a substance abuse disorder.
People who are affected by alcoholism, cocaine addiction, or both may abuse them simultaneously to moderate or amplify the individual effects of these substances.
The physical and mental effects of cocaine and alcohol are completely opposite in nature. The combined effects are increasingly hazardous and can jeopardize health in lethal ways.
Paradoxical Effects Of Cocaine And Alcohol
Cocaine and alcohol are two of the most commonly abused drugs in the U.S.
While cocaine circulates illegal drug markets and alcohol is legally accessible, they both have the potential to cause physical harm and dangerous behavioral changes.
The opposing effects of cocaine and alcohol become chemically co-reactive, and this drug-alcohol interaction creates an extremely toxic metabolite called cocaethylene.
Side Effects Of Cocaine
Cocaine has a stimulatory effect that accelerates mental processes and bodily functions. This is reflected by behavioral and physiological changes that are symptomatic of cocaine use.
Neurological Effects Of Cocaine
The brain responds to cocaine abuse with neuroadaptations, meaning it adjusts to the chemical interferences caused by cocaine. Cocaine stimulates unnaturally high dopamine production.
Surges of dopamine cause fleeting euphoria, followed by abrupt dopamine deficits during cocaine comedown.
These polarized levels of dopamine cause extreme imbalances in the brain’s reward system.
As a result, the mind loses the ability to produce dopamine naturally. It becomes dependent on cocaine to experience pleasure and happiness, which increases the risk of depression.
The neurological effects of cocaine can also cause:
- emotional agitation and anxiety
- erratic aggression
- panic attacks
- hallucinations and delusions
- cognitive distortion
- impaired motor skills
- brain damage
Physical Effects Of Cocaine
As a result of how cocaine affects the central nervous system, there are certain physical effects caused by the active presence of cocaine in the system.
- effects of cocaine on the heart, such as cardiac stress, irregular heart rhythm, increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure
- shakiness and restlessness
- loss of appetite and cocaine-induced weight loss
- intranasal infections
- asthma and respiratory issues
- increased body temperature
Short-term physical side effects and symptoms of cocaine abuse can worsen as addiction progresses and become long-term health issues.
Side Effects Of Alcohol
Alcohol is a depressant and psychoactive drug that affects the central nervous system by slowing down brain function, while also increasing dopamine and stimulating other functions.
With excessive alcohol consumption such as with binge-drinking, alcohol becomes toxic to the body and can cause extensive damage to vital organs, especially the brain and the liver.
Neurological Effects Of Alcohol
Since alcohol has both depressing and stimulating effects, it can produce a range of neurological effects depending on the amount consumed and what it is mixed with.
When used in moderation, alcohol can have mood-boosting effects and induce mild euphoria. With excessive alcohol consumption, there is an increased risk of alcohol poisoning.
Alcohol poisoning and intoxication can have adverse neurological effects such as:
- slurred speech
- loss of coordination
- lowered inhibitions
- reduced reaction time
- impulsive thoughts and behaviors
- impaired mental function
- loss of memory
The combination of alcohol abuse and stimulant drug abuse can increase health complications and the likelihood of blackouts, short-term memory loss, and other cerebral damage.
Physical Effects Of Alcohol
At toxic levels, alcohol causes a variety of reactions in the body that indicate alcohol poisoning and internal damage caused by prolonged alcohol abuse.
Common physical reactions and negative effects of alcohol abuse include:
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
- increased heart rate
- heart muscle damage
- liver inflammation
- cirrhosis of the liver
- inflammation of the pancreas
- weakened immune system
Combined Health Risks Of Cocaine And Alcohol
Some people may rationalize that since cocaine can reverse the drowsiness caused by alcohol, and alcohol can repress the jitteriness caused by cocaine, together they cancel each other out.
However, there are some critical risks to be aware of that are caused by cocaethylene, the metabolite created in the combined presence of cocaine and alcohol.
Cocaethylene is the ethyl homolog of cocaine when it is metabolized by the liver. Is so toxic that it cannot be excreted, and remains in the system for much longer than cocaine or alcohol.
Physical Health Risks
The physical health risks and short-term side effects caused by cocaethylene can cause major health problems, permanent damage, and sudden death.
Some of the significant physical health risks of mixing alcohol and cocaine are:
- constricted blood vessels
- dangerously high heart rate and blood pressure
- blood clotting
- sudden brain bleeds
- stroke or heart attack
Mental Health Risks
The combined use of cocaine and alcohol also increases cravings, so someone who is under the influence of both is likely to consume more of each once they’re intoxicated.
Both cocaine and cocaethylene spike dopamine and serotonin levels, causing:
- increased impulsivity
- violent behavior
- extreme anxiety
- panic attacks
Dangerous Consequences Of Mixing Cocaine And Alcohol
Some people may not even realize how dangerous the combination of alcohol and cocaine is to their health and safety, and the safety of those around them.
Mixing cocaine and alcohol have severe consequences, including brain damage, heart attacks, strokes, and cancer. It also greatly increases the risk of a potentially fatal overdose.
The production of cocaethylene caused by the combination of cocaine and alcohol has extremely toxic effects on the brain, and can result in permanent damage or sudden death.
Getting Treatment For Alcohol Or Cocaine Addiction
Alcohol and cocaine addiction are common co-occurring disorders and are often treated simultaneously at treatment centers that specialize in dual diagnoses.
Support a loved one’s recovery by encouraging them to learn more about the treatment process and the levels of addiction care available to help them conquer their addiction.
Call the helpline at Spring Hill Recovery Center to learn more about treatment options and services that can help your loved one start their recovery journey.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Polysubstance Use Facts https://www.cdc.gov/stopoverdose/polysubstance-use/index.html
- GoodRX – What Happens to the Body After Using Both Cocaine and Alcohol? https://www.goodrx.com/well-being/substance-use/mixing-cocaine-and-alcohol
- Healthline – Cocaine and Alcohol: Effects and Dangers of Mixing the Two https://www.healthline.com/health/cocaine-and-alcohol
- Journal of the American Medical Association – Cocaine, Alcohol Mix in Body to Form Even Longer Laster, More Lethal Drug https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/395284
- Medical News Today – Mixing cocaine and alcohol: Side effects and precautions https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/cocaine-and-alcohol#legality
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism – Alcohol’s Effects on the Body https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohols-effects-health/alcohols-effects-body
- PubMed – The interaction of cocaethylene and cocaine https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10463316/
- ScienceDirect – Cocaethylene - an overview https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/cocaethylene