What Does Meth Do To The Brain?
- How Meth Use Causes Addiction
- Brain Damage
- Mental Health Effects
- Abuse And Parkinson’s Disease
- Is Brain Damage Reversible?
Meth causes physical changes in the brain that impact cognition, decision-making skills, and emotional health. It can also increase a person’s risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.
Methamphetamine (meth) is a stimulant drug. As such, it affects the brain’s reward pathway.
Meth increases the brain’s dopamine supply. Because dopamine is a reward chemical, this increase causes a powerful high.
Right away, meth speeds up the central nervous system (CNS), causing euphoria and increased energy.
In spite of the pleasurable short-term effects, however, meth has negative consequences as well.
The effects of methamphetamine abuse include addiction, mental health complications, and structural changes in the brain.
All forms of meth, including powder meth and crystal meth, can cause these changes.
How Meth Use Causes Addiction
Meth addiction, like other substance abuse disorders, begins with changes in the brain.
Because dopamine is a reward chemical, the release of dopamine encourages the person to continue using meth.
When the brain gets used to the large amount of dopamine that meth provides, it will make adjustments to compensate for that amount.
The brain will prune away some of its own dopamine receptors, making itself less sensitive to dopamine.
When this happens, the person will require higher doses of meth to achieve the same euphoria that they experienced the first time they used the drug.
Furthermore, due to decreased dopamine sensitivity, ordinary amounts of dopamine no longer feel like enough.
These changes will cause the person to keep returning to meth to feel any sense of pleasure or happiness.
Methamphetamine Brain Damage
Meth abuse also produces long-term effects that impact brain function. In fact, this kind of substance use can change the physical brain structure in several ways.
For example, meth damages the parts of the brain that dictate mood, memory, learning, and other thought processes.
As a result, a person with a methamphetamine addiction may experience several cognition deficits.
Chronic meth use often results in impaired decision-making skills and the loss of mental flexibility. At the same time, chronic use increases microglial cells.
In the right amounts, these brain cells prevent infection and remove damaged neurons. In large amounts, however, they attack healthy neurons, thus causing brain damage.
Mental Health Effects Of Meth
Because meth affects the physical structure of the brain, it also affects mental health.
Some of the most common mental health effects of meth use include:
- reduced feelings of pleasure
- clouded thinking and confusion
- mood swings
- violent behavior
- meth-induced psychosis
Meth Abuse And Parkinson’s Disease
Some studies have linked meth abuse with an increased risk of Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that includes tremors, poor muscle coordination, and memory problems.
This disease primarily affects elderly people, but meth use may cause symptoms at a younger age.
As meth damages dopaminergic neurons, it decreases the availability of dopamine in certain parts of the brain.
Parkinson’s disease is associated with this lack of dopamine availability.
Is Meth-Related Brain Damage Reversible?
Many meth-related impairments are indeed reversible, according to research from the National Institute On Drug Abuse (NIDA).
When a person stops using meth, their brain can begin to heal.
To allow the brain to heal properly, a person must avoid relapse, as meth withdrawal symptoms can cause a person to return to meth, even when they want to stop using it.
Addiction treatment centers, including medical detox programs to ease the side effects of withdrawal, can remove access to meth while giving people time to overcome cravings.
Recover From Meth Addiction Today
Because meth changes the brain in so many ways, recovering from a meth addiction can be especially difficult.
Fortunately, thanks to treatment programs available for meth abuse, people who deal with drug use don’t have to start their recovery alone.
Spring Hill Recovery Center provides evidence-based care for people who want to overcome meth addiction.
If you or a loved one are ready to begin recovery, contact our rehab center in Ashby, Massachusetts for more information today.
Written by Spring Hill Editorial Team
©2023 Spring Hill Recovery Center | All Rights Reserved
This page does not provide medical advice.
- The Journal Of Neuropsychology And Critical Neurosciences — Neuropsychological Effects Of Chronic Methamphetamine Use On Neurotransmitters And Cognition: A Review https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12928507/
- National Institute On Drug Abuse — Methamphetamine And Parkinson’s Disease https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23476887/
- National Institute On Drug Abuse — What Are The Immediate (Short-Term) Effects Of Methamphetamine Misuse? https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/what-are-immediate-short-term-effects-methamphetamine-misuse
- National Library Of Medicine — Methamphetamine-Induced Neuronal Damage: Neurotoxicity And Neuroinflammation https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7457172/