What Are the Most Commonly Abused Drugs in the US?
Substance abuse is an epidemic in the United States. In 2016, more than 10% of the population had used illegal drugs in the last month. That’s over 32 million people!
Some of the most widely abused drugs include alcohol and opioids, which are pain medications abused for their euphoric high. Stimulants are another common type of illicit drug—they include methamphetamine and cocaine.
Drug abuse can be seriously dangerous to your health. Many commonly-abused chemical substances can lead to long-term health effects that vary depending on the kind of drug. For instance, alcohol abuse can cause liver damage and dementia, while opioid abuse can lead to low blood sodium and seizures.
Education is an important part of fighting the drug epidemic, so we’ve compiled a list of the most abused drugs for your reference.
Read ahead for a list of commonly abused drugs in America:
Alcohol is likely the most abused drug in the U.S. because its use is socially acceptable and legal. It is widely abused by people from all backgrounds and walks of life.
The effects of alcohol include:
- Increased confidence
- Mood changes
- Poor coordination
- Slurred speech
Along with these effects, alcohol can damage your health. In fact, alcohol causes more than 88,000 preventable deaths every year.
These deaths are caused by alcohol side effects such as:
- Brain damage
- Dependence and withdrawal
- Delirium tremens (“the DTs”)
- Heart disease
- Liver disease
Withdrawing from alcohol without medical help can be dangerous to your health! Never try to detox from alcohol alone. For many people, medication and medical care are a normal part of recovering from alcohol abuse.
Heroin is the biggest part of the opioid epidemic—and potentially the most used illicit drug in the United States. It is an illegal opioid drug that can be smoked, snorted, or injected.
Injecting the drug is preferred by many users because it causes an intense “rush” or high that you can’t get from other methods. However, injecting heroin is the most dangerous method with risks that include vein damage and infection.
In years past, heroin was mostly a problem in urban areas. In 2019, heroin is a problem everywhere, from cities to suburbs to rural areas.
The number of people using heroin has risen every year since 2007. In fact, almost a million American people used heroin in 2016. Of those, over 600,000 developed a heroin use disorder.
Using heroin causes effects such as:
- Desire to sleep
- Dry mouth
- Feeling heavy in the body or limbs
- Flushed skin
- Nodding, or switching between wakefulness and sleep
- Severe itching
- Slowed breathing
Heroin overdose is serious and can cause death. The signs include blue or gray skin, clammy skin, inability to respond when spoken to or touched, and unconsciousness.
Talk to your care provider or pharmacist about naloxone, which can reverse an opioid overdose.
Fentanyl is an opioid pain medication that is 50 to 100 times as powerful as heroin, making it the most deadly opioid drug. Its effects are similar to heroin, but the drug is much more concentrated than its street sibling.
It comes in a few forms:
- Oral tablet
- Transmucosal lollipop
- Transdermal patch
When it’s used illegally, fentanyl is usually snorted, smoked, or taken orally. It’s extremely strong, so a very small amount goes a long way. This means drug dealers and manufacturers cut other drugs with fentanyl to increase the potency.
You could accidentally overdose on fentanyl without even knowing that you’re taking it. In Ohio, the number of drugs testing positive for fentanyl rose by 196% in a single year between 2014 and 2015.
Like heroin, fentanyl can be deadly. Know the signs of a fentanyl overdose and have naloxone on hand if you or someone you know uses opioid drugs.
Methamphetamine is a prescription stimulant drug that is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It’s sold under the name Desoxyn, but known more commonly as meth.
One of the most common forms of street meth is crystal meth. This is a concentrated, highly addictive form of the drug that’s made by cooking methamphetamine with other substances.
Crystal meth causes a faster, cheaper high, which causes users to take higher doses, more often—leading to addiction. It’s a commonly abused substance in the U.S. because it’s a cheaper alternative to pricey opioids.
The effects of meth and crystal meth include:
- Less need to eat or sleep
That’s not all—meth causes a host of health problems ranging from anorexia (weight loss) to seizures. Fever, high blood pressure, and high heart rate are all possibilities, too. Overdosing on meth or mixing it with other drugs can cause death.
Cocaine is a common illicit drug in the United States. It is a stimulant drug that comes in two forms: powdered coke and crack. Coke tends to be more pure, while crack is cooked and mixed with other substances to reduce the cost and increase its potency.
As a result, crack is:
- More addictive
- Widely available
- More likely to cause an overdose
- More likely to contain toxins, contaminants, or other drugs
The effects of cocaine are the same no matter which form you use. They include:
- Behavior changes
- High heart rate
- High blood pressure
- Mood changes
You are more likely to overdose on cocaine if you mix it with other drugs. That’s true whether you’re using crack or powdered coke. Overdose deaths from cocaine increased by more than double in the United States between 2000 and 2016.
Get Treatment for Drug Abuse
Abusing any kind of drug can cause permanent damage to your body and well-being, but your life’s in your control. Call our treatment specialists today to talk about how inpatient treatment can jumpstart your recovery!
Written by Spring Hill Editorial Team
©2023 Spring Hill Recovery Center | All Rights Reserved
This page does not provide medical advice.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National health statistics: Illicit drug use https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/drug-use-illegal.htm
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Prevention: Alcohol facts and statistics https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-facts-and-statistics
- National Institute on Drug Abuse: What is the scope of heroin use in the United States? https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/scope-heroin-use-in-united-states
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: PBSS issue brief https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/pbss/PBSS-Report-072017.pdf
- United States Drug Enforcement Administration: Methamphetamine https://www.dea.gov/factsheets/methamphetamine